Friday, 23 June 2017

Rajadharma: Ten duties of the King

King’s responsibilities are demanding, and the role of wise counsel is important. King’s main duties were to defend his realm, maintain peace, administer the law, and do justice. A king should take care not to punish the innocent while being alert to see that those who have to be punished do not go unpunished. An uncanny alertness alone can detect the sly enemy who masquerades as friend to overthrow the king. Loyalty and truth preserves the king, and he upholds his throne by righteousness. The king gives stability to the land by justice, but a man who takes bribes overthrows it.

Ten Duties of the King are:
  1. Liberality, generosity, charity.
    The ruler should not have craving and attachment for wealth and property, but should give it away for the welfare of the people.
  2. High and moral character.
    He should never destroy life, cheat, steal and exploit others, commit adultery, utter falsehood, or take intoxicating drinks. 
  3. Sacrificing everything for the good of the people.
    He must be prepared to give up all personal comfort, name and fame, and even his life, in the interest of the people.
  4. Honesty and integrity.
    He must be free from fear and favour in the discharge of his duties, must be sincere in his intentions, and must not deceive the public.
  5. Kindness and gentleness.  
    He must possess a genial temperament. 
  6. Austerity of habits.
    He must lead a simple life, and should not indulge in a life of luxury.  He must have self-control.
  7. Freedom from envy, ill-will, enmity.
    He should bear no grudge against anybody.
  8. Non-violence.
    Which means not only that he should harm nobody, but that he should try to promote peace by avoiding and preventing war, and everything which involves violence and destruction of life.
  9. Patience, forbearance, tolerance, understanding.
    He must be able to bear hardships, difficulties and insults without losing his temper.
  10. Non-opposition, non-obstruction.
    That is to say that he should not oppose the will of the people, should not obstruct any measures that are conducive to the welfare of the people. In other words he should rule in harmony with the people.
My View:
Modi doesn't have any of the aforementioned propensities of a ruler and hence unfit to rule the nation. He never walks the talk. Reminiscences of Gujarat riots 2002 when Modi was CM of Gujarat is a blot of his unfitness in public life. Doles out lies with ease and never answer parliament questions directly. Prefers to address public meetings and TV addresses where he need not answer any questions directly. A worst demagogue and brands who ever opposes him as anti national and unpatriotic. Never bothers to fulfill his election promises except when people takes it to streets. Worst is his unfulfilled promise (to double farmer's income in five years) to implement Swaminathan committee's report to alleviate agriculture to remunerative avocation with profits of at least 50% of expenses. After three years he is yet to take first step in this direction and farmer suicides continues unabated. His attitude towards extending support to AP as per AP Reorganization Act 2014 and not implementing promises made in parliament and during elections is worst of its kind. He  only takes money from people and spends on his fancy projects and personal glorification. GST bill, widely publicized as a single pill for economic prosperity by Modi & Jaitley today, while seemingly doing good, undermines the autonomy of states, strengthens centre and weakens states, and rolling it out without adequate preparation is likely to impact economy, higher inflation in short run and livelihoods of vast number of people in informal sector (90% of population and 45% of GDP) who operate on razor thin margins. Ironically, it was Modi who has consistently opposed the GST for seven years, when he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat saying "GST kabhi safal nahi ho sakti". It was Congress led UPA which brought the GST issue but Modi and Jaitley opposed its implementation. Demonetization is the worst thing that happened and his audacity to publicize it as a success indicates his deep moral corruption. Alienating minorities and Muslims especially in Kashmir by deploying half of the army with economic and political activity reduced to zero is threatening integrity of nation like never before. Chasing the citizens for tax compliance is unheard in any democracy. Institutions reduced to virtually dormant state indicates his dictator attitudes. The funniest thing is that his public acceptance is still higher at 61% (down from 68% in first year) apart from winning elections (mainly due to weak alternatives) and it is matter of time people realize his true personality sooner or later but by which time damages inflicted would be huge. Above all our relationship with all neighbors have soured during the past three years and war with Pakistan is a possibility any time. 

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