Wednesday, 9 November 2016

Pollution in New Delhi

During past one week New Delhi experience 17 times more pollution with dangerous consequences. Delhi govt closed schools for 3 days. The pollution is described as smoking 5 packs (50 no's) of cigarettes a day. In addition to high automobile pollution, burning of millions of tonnes of agriculture waste by farmers in adjoining fields in UP, Haryana on which there is government regulation is the reason.
  • Agriculture waste could be used for generating power and dealing with ash & smoke with technologies to restrict to statutory levels.
  • Dust on the streets could be handled by spraying water and increasing green cover and using recycled sewerage water for watering the greenery.
  • Grow plants in all government lands.
  • Make it mandatory to earmark 30% land for tree plantation in all future housing layouts.
  • All polluting industries in Delhi should be moved out of NCR and strict pollution control measures enforced including stone crushers and brick kilns.
Automobile pollution could be tackled ...
  • Strengthen and subsidise metro and public transportation.
  • Ban all SUVs and diesel cars.
  • Limit petrol cars engine capacity to maximum of 1600cc.
  • 2 Wheelers (four stroke petrol engine) below 100cc should be encouraged. 
  • Ban 2 wheelers with engine above 150cc. 
  • All vehicles should be retired within 10 years.
  • All buses, mini buses & school buses must run only on CNG.
  • Promote battery powered small cars with incentives and subsidies.
  • Ambulances should run only on petrol.
  • Multi occupancy car travel should be encouraged.
  • Share car to work by 3 or 4 people should be encouraged and campaigned.
  • Diesel generator sets should be replaced with battery powered inverters. Also eliminate power cuts and interruptions.

My View:
Concentrated development is very cheap model of development suitable for countries with small population. Distributed development is also an option but very expensive. Developing multiple cities/towns development is another feasible option. In a populous country like ours limiting consumption and controlling wastage and emissions should be mandatory and made culpable & cognizable offence.

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