Monday, 27 February 2017

Why majority rule?

  • Democracy in its true sense is rule by people. 
  • The only way a government can function, and the only way a people's voice can be expressed to effect a practicable control of government, is through a process in which decisions are made by the majority. This is not a perfect way of controlling government, but the alternatives -decisions made by a minority, or by one person are even worse and are the source of great evil. To be just, majority decisions must be in the best interest of all the people, not just one faction.
  • The will of the majority honestly expressed should give law.
  • Civil government being the sole object of forming societies, its administration must be conducted by common consent.
  • The fundamental principle is that the will of the majority is to prevail.
  • If we are faithful to our country, in the decisions of the majority, and the nation moves in mass in the same direction.
  • Where the law of the majority ceases to be acknowledged, there government ends, the law of the strongest takes its place.
  • A nation ceases to be republic, when the will of the majority ceases to be the law.
  • If the avenue of the expression of the voice of the whole people be shut, we shall go on in the endless circle of oppression, rebellion, reformation; and oppression, rebellion, reformation again; and so on forever.
  • No good measure was ever proposed which, if duly pursued, failed to prevail in the end.
  • Against a majority we cannot effect by force. Reason and persuasion are the only practicable instruments.
  • If the measures which have been pursued are approved by the majority, it is the duty of the minority to acquiesce and conform.
  • Laws made by common consent must not be trampled on by individuals.
  • This sacred principle that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail, that will to be rightful, must be reasonable; that the minority possess their equal rights, which equal laws must protect, and to violate would be oppression.
  • The majority oppressing an individual, is guilty of a crime, abuses its strength, and by acting on the law of the strongest breaks up the foundations of society.
  • Great innovations should not be forced on a slender majority.
  • A geographical division ... is a most fatal of all divisions, as no authority will submit to be governed by a majority acting merely on a geographical principle.
My View:
We all know that majority is not always right. The minority is often right and the majority, who are usually conservative by nature and with backward, feudal mindsets, often wrong. In India the majority of people are casteist, communal and superstitious and hence no rapid progress is possible. India requires scientific thinking and massive investments to eradicate poverty, unemployment, lack of healthcare and good education, etc. But our politics under the present parliamentary system of democracy is largely based on caste and communal vote banks and rarely people elect merit candidates giving scope to criminals entering legislatures. Most of our present politicians are selfish, greedy and unpatriotic, with no love for people, but are experts in manipulating vote banks and polarizing the people on caste and communal lines. Casteism and communalism are feudal forces obstructing our nation's progress. Unless we make large investments in education and awareness creation, people will not be able to overcome these feudal forces and see reason in electing genuinely good people. Instead of going for drastic measures for rapid development which would confuse poorer & uneducated masses and make them scary & skeptical, we should improve upon existing systems with giant steps with transparency of process and building confidence of people. Remember systems never fail; It is people who fail them.

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